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  • Catalog Reference : ELRA-W0043
    PAROLE Italian Corpus
    The PAROLE Italian Corpus comprises 3,135,651 words collected from four different domains:
    • newspapers: 2,179,800 words from La Stampa, La Repubblica, Il Corriere della Sera, L’Unione Sarda, Il Sole 24ore, between 1992 and 1996,
    • periodicals: 143,810 words from Casaviva, 100cose, Epoca, Espansione, Grazia, Panorama, Starbene, Storia Illustrata, Zerouno, between 1985 and 1988,
    • books: 564,964 words, between 1970 and 1989,
    • miscellaneous: 247,077 words from CNR documents, Patents, Maritime documents, Theater, between 1987 and 1997.

    About 250,000 words were morphosyntactically annotated and lemmatized.

    Introduction on the PAROLE project

    LE-PAROLE project (MLAP/LE2-4017) aims to offer a large-scale harmonised set of "core" corpora and lexica for all European Union languages.

    Language corpora and lexica were built according to the same design and composition principles, in the period 1996-1998.

    PAROLE Corpora:

    The harmonisation with respect to corpus composition (selection of corpus texts) was to be achieved by the obligatory application of common parameters for time of production and classification according to publication medium. No texts older than 1970 were allowed. As for publication medium, the corpus had to include specific proportions of texts from the categories “Book”, “Newspaper”, “Periodical” and “Miscellaneous” within a settled range.

    The harmonisation effort also applied to the textual and linguistic encoding of the language corpora involved. With respect to the mark up of text structure and primary data, every single corpus text was to be encoded according to the PAROLE DTD, which is compatible with the DTD of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) and with that of the Corpus Encoding Standard (CES). The level of encoding was set to Level 1 of the CES, implying the encoding of text structure and textual features up to Paragraph Level, with the additional constraint, however, that all legacy data was kept.

    As for linguistic corpus annotation, an equal proportion of the corpus texts (up to 250,000 running words) was to be morphosyntactically annotated according to a common core PAROLE tagset, extended with a set of language specific features. The checking of the tags was split in two: 50,000 words had to be checked for maximum granularity and 200,000 for part-of-speech (PoS) only.

    The languages involved in PAROLE corpora are: Belgian French, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Finnish, German, Greek, Irish, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese and Swedish.

    PAROLE Lexica:

    The lexica (20,000 entries per language) were built conform to a model based on EAGLES guidelines and GENELEX results, underlying a common lexical tool adapted from the EUREKA-GENELEX project. This software tool was extended to support the PAROLE model and conversion and management processes of the resulting resources.

    The languages involved in PAROLE lexica are: Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish.

    ISLRN : 608-362-291-385-1
    Period of coverage :
    Version :
    Version history : Update frequency: every 3 years Last update: 2004
    Project : PAROLE Creation date : 1996 -1998
    Applications existing : Information retrieval
    Technical Information
    Distribution medium : Downloadable
    Platform : PC
    Fileformat : Plain text
    Contents Click on the arrow to display content.
    written corpus 
    Members Prices
    Academic - Research 100.00 EUR
    Commercial - Research 100.00 EUR
    Non Member Prices
    Academic - Research 150.00 EUR
    Commercial - Research 150.00 EUR

    Copyright © 2008 ELRA
    ELRACatalogue 0.8.0